Batchography: Batch files and Unicode

Recently, I had to update my popular utility that resets NTFS files permission to support Unicode paths. I had to investigate how to add Unicode support in Batch scripts. It seems that this was a topic I forgot to add into my comprehensive Batch files programming book.

This article is the result of my investigation, in which I am going to show you how to add Unicode support to your Batch file scripts in 3 easy steps.

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Hiew+ – Editing process memory with Hiew hex editor

What’s is Hiew+

Hiew+ is based on the FsPlus project. FsPlus is an implementation of an idea that allows you to access non disk files as if they were disk files. Hiew+ is a real life example of FsPlus where we take Hiew (an excellent hex editor) and turn it into an excellent process editor. Each process will be viewed as a file with a size as much as SYSTEM_INFO.lpMaximumApplicationAddress returns. In theory FsPlus should work with any hex editor to provide process memory editing, but this release is just Hiew ready.

Hiew+ editing the process memory of a process being debugged by IDA Pro

Usage

To use FsPlus, you need to inject FsPlus.dll into Hiew’s process memory so that the APIs are hooked. After APIs are hooked, FsPlus will recognize and treat in a different manner any file name that has the following form: “pid|1234” where 1234 is a given PID. To make the usage even simpler, I provid a small GUI (FsPlusGui) to allow you launch Hiew conveniently.

In fact, Hiew+ can be considered as a nice addition to your reverse engineering tools arsenal (IDA Pro‘s debugger or any other debugger, etc.).

Here’s a screenshot of the FsPlusGui:

You will need to double click on a process to have Hiew or the desired process launched with FsPlus support.
Make sure you specify the settings correctly in FsPlus.ini:

[settings]
title=Hiew+ (c) lallous <lallousz-x86@yahoo.com>
hookdll=.\fsPlus.dll
launch=c:\hiew\hiew32.exe

Features

After you run it successfully, you will be able to start editing processes as if you were editing files. The catch is every process virtual address is now a physical offset in Hiew.

Modules as IMAGE_SECTION_HEADERs

For your convenience we have created additional IMAGE_SECTION_HEADER structures in the PE header of the main process, so that each loaded module is view as a PE section:

Textual information about process’ modules

In addition to viewing modules as PE sections, you will have an actual representation of all loaded modules just after the end of the PE header:

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No Read Errors

To avoid reading errors and such, any unreadable memory page is filled with “BAD!” pattern.

Physical and Logical disk editing

This is not something added by FsPlus, rather it is a undocumented feature of Hiew32 where you can use Hiew to edit/view logical and physical disk sectors:

Conclusion

Download – Release date: late 2008

This tool has been tested with Windows Vista (32) and Windows XP SP2 and with Hiew 7.29.
Hope you find this tool useful as Hiew itself.
Note: Please don’t contact me if you run into trouble. This tool is no longer supported.

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Batchography: Useful keyboard shortcuts for editing and working with the command prompt

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In the Batchography book, not only you will learn about the command prompt’s keyboard shortcuts, macros and what not, but you will also learn the basic and fundamental topics for programming in the Batch language.

In this blog post, I present to you an excerpt from Chapter 1 in the Batchography book that covers all the useful keyboard shortcuts. My new favorite one is the F11 keyboard shortcut that is present in Windows 10 and up.

Get the book from Amazon: printed editionbtn-buy-on-amazonor the Kindle edition btn-buy-on-amazon. Continue reading